1 deck. Average. Unlimited redeals.
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Canfield Solitaire uses 52 cards (1 deck). 13 cards are counted out from the deck of 52 cards. The top card is open. This is the reserve pile. The next four open cards are tableau piles. The next card is placed above. It will be the starter card of the foundations. The three cards of the same rank in the deck will be placed next to it during play as soon as they become available.
The object of the game
To build the foundations up in suit until each pile contains thirteen cards.
You can fill up foundations using the top card of the reserve or tableau piles. You can move cards from one tableau pile to another, and from a reserve pile to a tableau pile in descending sequence of alternating suit colors. You can move either a single card or a set of cards. When one of the tableaus becomes empty it will be filled immediately with a card from the reserve pile.
When you have made all the moves initially available, begin turning over cards from the stock pile. 3 cards at a time are turned over from the stock. You can move cards from the stock pile to tableaus or foundations following the rule above.
The stock pile can be turned over as many times as you wish.
History of Canfield Solitaire
Canfield is named after the well known nineteenth century gambler Richard A. Canfield, who created this game to play in casino. Casino players could buy a deck of cards for $52 and get $5 for every card played to the foundations.